World Hypertension Day 2023- Why Say Silent Killer

World Hypertension Day 2023 : As we celebrate the World Hypertension Day, it is essential to shed light on the dangers of high blood pressure, also known as hypertension.

This condition is often referred to as a “silent killer” because it can cause severe health problems, such as heart attacks, strokes, and kidney disease, without showing any symptoms.

The purpose of this article is to educate people on the importance of monitoring their blood pressure regularly and making lifestyle changes to prevent hypertension. So, let’s dive deeper into this crucial topic.

What is World Hypertension Day ?

World Hypertension Day is an annual observance held on May 17th to raise awareness about the global epidemic of hypertension. It was established in 2005 by the World Hypertension League (WHL), an organization that promotes public awareness, prevention, and control of hypertension worldwide.

The theme for 2021 was World Hypertension Day is “Measure Your Blood Pressure Accurately, Control It, Live Longer,” which emphasizes the importance of monitoring and controlling blood pressure to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

The Prevalence of Hypertension

Hypertension is a widespread health problem that affects more than one billion people worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), hypertension is the leading cause of premature death globally.

It is estimated that around 7.5 million deaths occur due to high blood pressure-related complications each year. Hypertension can affect people of all ages, genders, and ethnicities, but it is more prevalent among older adults, people with a family history of hypertension, and those who have an unhealthy lifestyle.

What Causes Hypertension ?

Hypertension is primarily caused by lifestyle factors such as poor diet, lack of exercise, and smoking. These factors can lead to obesity, which is a significant risk factor for hypertension.

Other risk factors for hypertension include stress, alcohol consumption, age, genetics, and certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and kidney disease.

Symptoms of Hypertension

As mentioned earlier, hypertension is often referred to as a “silent killer” because it rarely shows any symptoms. However, in some cases, people may experience the following symptoms :

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Blurred vision
  • Chest pain
  • Nausea

It is essential to note that these symptoms are not specific to hypertension and can be caused by other medical conditions. Therefore, the only way to know if you have hypertension is to measure your blood pressure regularly.

How to Measure Blood Pressure ?

Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and is recorded as two numbers: systolic pressure (the top number) and diastolic pressure (the bottom number).

The systolic pressure measures the force of blood against the artery walls when the heart contracts, while the diastolic pressure measures the force of blood when the heart is at rest.

Blood pressure can be measured using a sphygmomanometer, which is a device that consists of an inflatable cuff, a pressure gauge, and a stethoscope.

The cuff is placed around the upper arm, and the pressure is gradually increased to compress the artery. The healthcare provider then listens to the pulse using the stethoscope and notes the readings on the pressure gauge.

What are the Normal and High Blood Pressure Readings ?

CategorySystolic Pressure (mmHg)Diastolic Pressure (mmHg)
NormalLess than 120Less than 80
Elevated120-129Less than 80
Stage 1130-13980-89
Stage 2140 or higher90 or higher
Hypertensive CrisisHigher than 180Higher than 120
Table of Blood pressure Range

If your blood pressure readings fall under the “elevated” or “hypertensive” categories, you should consult a healthcare provider and take necessary actions to manage your blood pressure.

How to Prevent and Manage Hypertension ?

Hypertension is a preventable and manageable condition. Here are some lifestyle changes that can help prevent and manage hypertension :

1.Maintain a Healthy Diet

Eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products can help lower blood pressure. Avoid foods that are high in saturated and trans fats, sodium, and sugar, as they can increase blood pressure.

2. Exercise Regularly

Physical activity can help reduce blood pressure and improve overall health. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week, such as brisk walking, cycling, or swimming.

3. Quit Smoking

Smoking can damage the blood vessels and increase the risk of hypertension. Quitting smoking can help lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

4. Manage Stress

Stress can cause a temporary increase in blood pressure. Find healthy ways to manage stress, such as meditation, deep breathing, or yoga.

5. Monitor Blood Pressure

Regular blood pressure monitoring is crucial to detect hypertension early and manage it effectively. You can measure your blood pressure at home using a home blood pressure monitor or visit a healthcare provider for regular checkups.

6. Take Medications

In some cases, medications may be necessary to manage hypertension. Several types of medications are available to lower blood pressure, including diuretics, ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, and calcium channel blockers. However, medications should be taken under the supervision of a healthcare provider.

What is Theme of World Hypertension Day 2023

In 2023, the theme is Measure Your Blood Pressure Accurately, Control It, Live Longer, focusing on combatting low awareness rates worldwide, especially in low to middle income areas, and accurate blood pressure measurement methods.

Some Resources include a free online course on accurate automated blood pressure measurement offered by PAHO at this link, and guidelines for checking accuracy of BP monitors in 16 languages.

People also ask :

FAQs :

Can hypertension be cured ?

Hypertension is a chronic condition that cannot be cured but can be managed effectively with lifestyle changes and medications.

Is hypertension hereditary ?

Hypertension can run in families, indicating a genetic predisposition. However, lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise also play a significant role in the development of hypertension.

Can hypertension cause headaches ?

In some cases, hypertension can cause headaches, but it is not a common symptom. Most people with hypertension do not experience any symptoms.

How often should blood pressure be checked ?

Blood pressure should be checked at least once a year for adults who have normal blood pressure. Those who have high blood pressure or are at risk of developing hypertension should check their blood pressure more frequently.

Can hypertension lead to heart disease ?

Hypertension is a significant risk factor for heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases. High blood pressure can damage the arteries and increase the risk of heart attack, heart failure,


In conclusion, World Hypertension Day is an important awareness day that aims to educate people about hypertension and its dangers.

It is essential to spread awareness about this silent killer and take steps to prevent it. The first step in preventing hypertension is to maintain a healthy lifestyle by following a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding smoking and alcohol.

Regular monitoring of blood pressure and early diagnosis are also crucial in preventing hypertension and its complications. On this World Hypertension Day, let us pledge to take care of our health and make healthy choices to prevent hypertension.

Let us spread awareness about this condition and educate others about its dangers. Remember, prevention is always better than cure. So, take the necessary steps to prevent hypertension and maintain a healthy life. Stay healthy, stay safe!

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